Mauritius is one of the world’s most peaceful countries according to the tenth edition of the 2016 Global Peace Index (GPI) released June 8. The GPI conducted by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), which aims to measure the levels of peacefulness in countries of the world. The IEP uses three areas to measure peace: level of safety and security, extent of domestic and international conflict, and the degree of militarization. The index ranks 163 countries based on 23 qualitative and quantitative peace indicators.

 

Mauritius ranks highest in terms of the African countries featured on the index, coming in at 23 and rising up two places from when the index was taken last year. Botswana comes second with a rank of 28, also moving up three places from its last year position. Both countries are free from both internal and external conflict and are among the five countries that boast a perfect score in the domestic and international conflict category. This means that they do not suffer from terrorist incidents and extreme violence. Other countries that got a perfect score in that category include Switzerland. Only 23 percent of 163 countries surveyed had not experienced a terrorist attack at all.

 

Some other African countries that performed well include Madagascar which scored 38 and Zambia which ranked 40. Meanwhile, Sierra Leone, Ghana, and Malawi ranked from 43 to 45, respectively. There could be a lot that other African countries can learn from Mauritius, Botswana and other African countries ranked highly peaceful. The most peaceful African countries also tend to be the wealthiest on the continent.

 

Iceland comes first at the world’s most peaceful country while Syria ranked as the world’s least peaceful country. However, the GPI suggests that globally levels of peace are falling. The breach between the most and least peaceful countries remains huge and is growing. Peace has declined in the world even as other countries improve. While peaceful countries enjoy more peace, those that experienced less peace intensified and suffered from increased violence.

 

The world has apparently become less peaceful in the past year and this is reflected in the past decade which has seen less peace due to increased terrorist activities and growing levels of political instability. There has also been a dramatic increase in the number of refugees and displaced person in the world. The index put this number at nearly 1 percent of the world’s population. Growing fears from terrorism also mean that the world won’t be more peaceful any time soon.

 

What can other African countries learn from Mauritius and Botswana? Let us know your answers by leaving a comment below or reaching me on Twitter @rafeeeeta