Frost, Fungus, Drought: The 2021 weather cocktail will be hard for French wine growers to swallow. The grape juice flowed lightly in the presses. After the late harvest, it is time to take stock. According to the International Organization for Wine and Wine (OIV), France will lose its traditional second place and be pushed to third place in the world among wine producers.
In a global production report released on Thursday, November 4, the OIV estimated the collection at 34.2 million hectoliters in France, indicating a 27% decline compared to 2020. Its regular competitors – Italy and Spain – are also subject to certain climatic risks, note, for them, very little salt. With its 44.5 million hectoliters (volume down 9%), Italy holds the crown of its world leader. As for Spain, its harvests have fallen by 14%, but, with a total of 35 million tonnes, it is shouting respect for France.
In Europe, some countries have had good luck. Therefore, Romania, Hungary, Germany and Portugal benefited from the most favorable growth conditions and recorded volume increases. Nevertheless, while the world’s top three are producing meager yields, overall global wine production is roasting. According to the OIV, by 2021, this should be very low, close to the historic low of 2017. The average estimate is 250 million hectoliters, 4% less compared to 2020.
In the Southern Hemisphere, it is time for satisfaction
However, outside the EU, vineyards have benefited from moderate skies. In the United States, despite episodes of drought, volumes increased by 6% to 24.3 million hectoliters, marking the catastrophic fire in California after 2020. In the Southern Hemisphere, too, the time for satisfaction has come: Chile, Argentina, Brazil, South Africa and Australia have refueled their wine vats. This geographical area recorded a production of 59 million hectoliters, an increase of 19%.
Exports of champagne, Bordeaux, burgundy and other roses from Provence are growing again.
Naturally, these estimates, propagated by OIV, refer to the level of production, not the value. While France generally ranks second in the world behind Italy, it ranks first in the rating of wines. Even though it was downgraded in terms of volume in 2021, after the air break of the Covit-19 crisis, exports of champagne, Bordeaux, burgundy and other roses from Provence are booming again, a status that should be maintained. . French winemakers cross their fingers. Everything depends on 2022. Mother Nature we must not allow them to play a bad trick again. There are limits to living in its reserves, and wine growers are well aware of it.