The Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology was awarded on Monday, October 3, to Swede Svante Pabo, 67, for his role in the emergence of the Neanderthal genome and paleogenomics.
“By revealing the genetic differences that distinguish all living humans from extinct hominids, his discoveries have provided the basis for what makes us humans such unique beings.”The jury applauded.
“The genetic differences between Homo sapiens and our now-extinct close relatives were unknown until identified through the work of Papo”The Nobel committee added in its conclusion.
His father, Sune Bergström, who received the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1982, discovered the exchange of genes between these now-extinct hominins and Homo sapiens. This ancient gene flow has a physiological impact on modern humans, for example affecting how our immune system responds to infections.
The vintage continues in Stockholm with the highly-anticipated literary prize on Thursday, the only award presented in Oslo, and before Peace on Friday, physics on Tuesday, then chemistry on Wednesday. The most recent economic price closes the vintage on Monday.
113 with thise The Nobel Prize in Medicine, which they have now awarded to 226 people since the creation of the prize in physiology or medicine. Twelve of them were women. No company has ever been awarded a prize that the rules of the Karolinska Institute prohibit.
The Nobel Prize in Medicine, worth 10 million kroner (about 920,000 euros), was awarded last year to Americans Artem Patabutian and David Julius for discovering how the nervous system transmits temperature and touch.
Despite efforts by juries to crown more women, science Nobel Prizes in recent decades have been increasingly dominated by male researchers who are from or reside in the United States. The 2021 Nobel vintage is no exception to the rule, with twelve winners and one runner-up. All science prizes were awarded to men.
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